BY LANDY ERLICK
John Jay was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Appointed by George Washington, Jay held the office from October 19, 1789 to June 29, 1795. The Chief Justice was succeeded by John Rutledge when he traded his robes to become Governor of New York.
Less than one month after his appointment, Rutledge began to lose many of his supporters. On July 16, 1795, he delivered an address criticizing John Jay’s own eponymous treaty, the Jay Treaty. Also known as the “Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, Between His Britannic Majesty and The United States of America,” the Jay Treaty helped resolve the tension lingering after the American Revolution and reinstate an amicable trading relationship between America and Great Britain.